An overview of Engineering in Nepal
“Engineering!”. This is the most common answer you will get if you ask a science student of +2 in Nepal that what s/he wants to study after completing their intermediate level.
Engineering is a dynamic field with lots of specializations. Engineering holds a bright and exciting future in Nepal as well as abroad. Engineering is a well-respected profession. One can make his/her career in governmental projects, private or public sector industries, construction companies and on many other fields.
In surface, it may seem that there is lack of opportunities here in Nepal. But due to the increasing growth in development projects and industrialization, Nepal offers a brought career prospects for engineers.
The main specializations or disciplines of Engineering that are most popular in Nepal are:
- Civil Engineering
- Electrical engineering
- Electronic engineering
- Arch (Architecture)
- Computer engineering
- Mechanical engineering
There are many colleges in Nepal with affiliation to Tribhuwan university (TU), Kathmandu university(KU), Pokhara University (PU), Purbanchal university, CTEVT(for diploma courses). Almost all the Engineering colleges of Nepal are concentrated in Kathmandu. Other than the valley, few engineering colleges of Nepal are located in other cities. Pokhara, Butwal, Dharan, Biratnagar, Nepaljung are the few cities outside the valley which has Engineering colleges.
Civil Engineering in Nepal
Civil engineering is the most popular and oldest discipline of engineering in Nepal and outside Nepal too. There are wide variety of scopes that civil engineers deal with. The most common infrastructures of civilizations like building a home or bridge, designing a road line involves civil engineering.
Most of the engineering colleges in Kathmandu as well as other cities in Nepal have maximum number of seats for Civil Engineering.
Civil engineering is an exciting and rewarding profession in Nepal as it is in rest of the world. The career prospects of civil engineering is unlimited. They can work in small construction projects to designing space stations.
Electrical Engineering in Nepal
An electrical engineer is the person who is behind the design, development and innovation of new electrical equipments by using his/her engineering skills in the research, design, testing and development. An electrical engineer is a specialized type of engineer who deals with electronics, electromagnetism and electric energy.
Electrical engineers work in various projects ranging from small-scale pocket devices to huge projects like satellite and robotics. Some of the most popular sub-disciplines of Electrical engineering are:
- Electronic engineering
- Telecommunication engineering
- Power engineering (deals with electricity)
- Signal processing engineering
- Control engineering
Architect (B. Arch) in Nepal
Architecture engineering primarily deals with task of building. It involves creating the maps or structural diagrams of buildings and artificial physical structures and integrating the various techniques and systems available in today’s advanced technology.
An architect takes into account the safety, economical viability, environmental and future aspects of any building project and makes the project sustainable and efficient.
As Architecture engineering is a sub-discipline of engineering, candidates must be sound in mathematics, physics, and computers. Also, they must possess a talent in creative design and arts as architecture is a blend of engineering and arts.
In Nepal, the scope of architecture engineering is rising in recent years. The authority to certify the design of building and other structure lies with architect in Nepal.
Mechanical engineering in Nepal
Mechanical engineering is also a broadest and popular disciplines of engineering like civil engineering in Nepal and outside Nepal. In general it can be said that mechanical engineering is involved in the study of movable objects. Mechanical engineering is the branch of engineering that applies the principles of physics, mathematics and material science for the innovation of mechanical systems. The vast field of study in mechanical engineering allows students/engineers to get their hands on one of the various career options.
Most Mechanical engineering programs also require thorough knowledge and skills on research techniques and project management techniques.
Computer Engineering in Nepal
Computer engineers are responsible for the technical advancement of world. It is due to the research, hard work and study of computer engineers that we are able to use the computer related technologies which are making our lives easy.
Computer Engineers embed computer system in other machines and systems to make them more capable and efficient. They are concerned with analyzing and solving or mitigating computer related problems.
The main technical areas of computer engineering are:
- Cyber security
- Embedding systems
- Design automation
- Software development and analysis
- Hardware development
Statistics show that computer engineer graduates get the highest starting salary among engineers of various disciplines. Computer engineers have options to work in software or hardware or networking field or blending all of them. Computer engineers have high pay in Nepal too.
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